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binomial nomenclaturenomenclature binomial (fr.); binomiale Nomenklatur (ger.)

  • The scientific naming of species whereby each species receives a Latin or Latinized name of two parts, the first indicating the genus and the second being the specific name. (The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary)

    The specific name adopted in this catalogue is always that used by Linnaeus, or the first describer after the establishment of his Binominal Nomenclature to whom I can with certainty refer the species.

    Bonaparte, C.L.J.L. (1838). A geographical and comparative list of the birds of Europe and North America: vi.


    The Prince of Canino has set the example of considering the period when specific names were universally applied by Linnaeus as the epoch from whence the binominal nomenclature takes its date; and I venture to regard the year 1735, when the same great man published his first list of genera, as the epoch of the real establishment of genera in their modern sense.

    Gray, G.R. (1842). Appendix to A List of the Genera of Birds: iv.


    The binomial nomenclature having originated with Linnaeus, the law of priority, in respect of that nomenclature, is not to extend to the writings of antecedent authors.

    Strickland, H.E. et al. (1843). Report of a Committee Appointed to Consider of the Rules by which the Nomenclature of Zoology may be Established on a Uniform and Permanent Basis (June 27, 1842). Report of the Twelth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 105-121: 110.

    binomial nomenclature
    Dall, W.H. (1877). Nomenclature in zoology and botany. Proc. Amer. Assoc. Adv. Sci. 7-56.
    nomenclature binominale
    Douvillé, H. (1881). Règles proposées par le comité de la nomenclature paléontologique. Compt. Rend. Congr. Géol. Internat. 2. Sess., 594-595: Art. 1.

    That the species name consists of two words (a binomen), genus-group and family-group names of only one word and subspecies names of three words (a trinomen); binominal nomenclature; binary nomenclature. 

    Lincoln, R.J., Boxshall, G.A. & Clark, P.F. (1982). A Dictionary of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics: 31.    

Stejneger, L. (1926). A chapter in the history of zoological nomenclature. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 77, 1-21.

Linsley, E.G. & Usinger, R.L. (1959). Linnaeus and the development of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. Syst. Zool. 8, 39-47.

Heppel, D. (1981). The evolution of the code of zoological nomenclature. In: Wheeler, A. & Price, J. (eds.). History in the Service of Systematics. Society for the Bibliography of Natural History, London, 135-141.