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optimal foragingoptimale Nahrungssuche (ger.)

  • Strategies of individuals for the effective exploitation of food resources that were optimized by selection in the past.
    In a theoretical analysis of optimal foraging patterns in patchy environments, MacArthur and Pianka (1966) suggested that an organism might be expected to respond to competition by decreasing the number of patches in the environment in which it foraged but not to decrease the number of prey types it captures
    Orians, G.H. & Horn, H.S. (1969). Overlap in foods and foraging of four species of blackbirds in the potholes of central Washington. Ecology 50, 930-938: 935; cf. MacArthur, R.H. & Pianka, E.R. (1966). On optimal use of a patchy environment. Amer. Nat. 100, 603-609.

Pyke, G.H., Pullian, H.R. & Charnov, E.L. (1977). Optimal foraging: a selective review of theory and tests. Quart. Rev. Biol. 52, 137-154.

Beatty, J. (1980). Optimal design models and the strategy of model building in evolutionary biology. Philos. Sci. 47, 532-561.