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biopopulationBiopopulation (ger.)

  • A group of animals, plants, or humans, within which breeding occurs.  

    bio-population survey

    Anonymus (1940). Formal demography. Population Index 6, 260-268: 265; Gray, P. (1967). The Dictionary of the Biological Sciences: 442 (keyword ›relict‹).


    As the biopopulation grows, the concentration of […] nutrients in the water will be diminished [...] The biopopulation of micro-organisms is the food basis of larger organisms

    Horne, R.A. (1970). Sea water. Advances in Hydroscience 6, 107-140: 123-4.


    A system is (i) a biopopulation iff it is composed of individuals of the same biospecies; (ii) a community or ecosystem iff it is composed of several interacting populations of organisms belonging to different biospecies; (iii) a biosphere iff it is the largest system in which a given biosystem participates.

    Bunge, M. (1979). Treatise on Basic Philosophy, vol. 4. Ontology II: A World of Systems: 83.


    Biopopulations, ecosystems and biospheres, though not alive, are systems rather than sets. Indeed, a monospecific biopopulation is a system composed of individuals of the same biospecies

    Bunge, M. (1979). Some topical problems in biophilosophy. J. Soc. Biol. Struc. 2, 155-172: 162.


    Biopopulations, not biospecies, are individuals and evolve

    Bunge, M. (1981). Biopopulations, not biospecies, are individuals and evolve. Behav. Brain Sci. 4, 284-285.


    A concrete aggregate, or else system, of organisms is a biopopulation if, and only if, it is composed of organisms of the same biospecies (i.e., iff its composition is unispecific).

    Mahner, M. & Bunge, M. (1997). Foundations of Biophilosophy: 154.